Today in history: April 12, the civil war begins

Today in History Today is Tuesday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2022. There are 263 days left in the…

Today in History

Today is Tuesday, April 12, the 102nd day of 2022. There are 263 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On April 12, 1861, the Civil War began when Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina.

To this date :

In 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia, at the age of 63; he was succeeded by Vice President Harry S. Truman.

In 1955, the Salk polio vaccine was declared safe and effective.

In 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to fly in space, circling the Earth once before landing safely.

In 1963, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and imprisoned in Birmingham, Alabama, charged with contempt of court and marching without a permit. (During his time behind bars, King wrote his “Letter from Birmingham Jail.”)

In 1981, former world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis, 66, died in Las Vegas, Nevada.

In 1985, Sen. Jake Garn, R-Utah, became the first sitting member of Congress to fly into space when the shuttle Discovery lifted off.

In 1988, the United States Patent and Trademark Office issued a patent to Harvard University for a genetically modified mouse, the first time a patent had been granted for an animal life form.

In 1990, at its first meeting, East Germany’s first democratically elected parliament acknowledged its responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust and asked for forgiveness from Jews and those who had suffered.

In 1992, after five years of preparation, Euro Disneyland (now called Disneyland Paris) opened in Marne-La-Vallée, France, amid controversy as French intellectuals lamented the invasion of pop culture American.

In 2015, Hillary Rodham Clinton returned to presidential politics by announcing her long-awaited second campaign for the White House in a video.

In 2018, Philadelphia police arrested two black men inside a Starbucks; the men had been asked to leave after one of them was denied access to the toilet. (Starbucks apologized and, weeks later, closed thousands of stores for part of the day to conduct anti-bias training.)

In 2020, Christians around the world celebrated Easter Sunday isolated at home by the coronavirus. St. Peter’s Square was barricaded to prevent crowds from entering. Pope Francis celebrated Easter Mass inside the largely vacant basilica, calling for global solidarity in the face of the pandemic and urging political leaders to bring hope and opportunity to those who had lost their job.

Ten years ago: Jury selection began in Greensboro, North Carolina, for the corruption trial of former Democratic presidential candidate John Edwards, charged with six counts of campaign finance fraud . (The jury ended up acquitting Edwards of accepting illegal campaign contributions while blocking the other five counts; federal prosecutors later dropped the remaining charges.)

Five years ago: The United States and China reached what appeared to be an unusual deal as President Donald Trump said he would not call China a currency manipulator and expressed confidence that the President Chinese Xi Jinping (shee jihn-peeng) would help him deal with the North Korea’s growing threat.

A year ago: Police clashed with protesters for a second night in suburban Minneapolis where an officer fatally shot a black man, 20-year-old Daunte Wright, during a traffic stop. Iran has accused Israel of sabotaging its underground Natanz nuclear facility which damaged its centrifuges. After months of lockdown due to coronavirus, shops, gyms, hairdressers and other ‘non-essential’ businesses across Britain have reopened. President Joe Biden has said he will nominate Christine Wormuth, a former senior Pentagon official, to be the first woman to lead the military. (Wormuth would be confirmed the following month.) India reported another record daily rise in coronavirus infections to overtake Brazil as the second worst-hit country, behind the United States.

Today’s birthdays: Playwright Alan Ayckbourn (AYK’-bohrn) turns 83. Jazz musician Herbie Hancock is 82 years old. Rock singer John Kay (Steppenwolf) is 78 years old. Actor Ed O’Neill is 76 years old. Actor Dan Lauria is 75 years old. Talk show host David Letterman is 75. Author Scott Turow is 73 years old. Actor-playwright Tom Noonan is 71 years old. R&B singer JD Nicholas (The Commodores) is 70. Singer Pat Travers is 68 years old. Actor Andy Garcia is 66 years old. Director Walter Salles (SAL’-ihs) is 66 years old. Country singer Vince Gill is 65. Model/TV personality J Alexander is 64 years old. Rock musician Will Sergeant (Echo & the Bunnymen) is 64. Rock singer Art Alexakis (al-ex-AH’-kihs) (Everclear) is 60 years old. Country singer Deryl Dodd is 58. Folk-pop singer Amy Ray (Indigo Girls) is 58 years old. Actor Alicia Coppola is 54 years old. Rock singer Nicholas Hexum (311) is 52 years old. Actor Retta is 52 years old. Actor Nicholas Brendon is 51 years old. Actor Shannen Doherty is 51 years old. Actor Marley Shelton is 48 years old. Actor Sarah Jane Morris is 45 years old. Actor Jordana Spiro is 45 years old. Rock musician Guy Berryman (Coldplay) is 44 years old. Actor Riley Smith is 44 years old. Actress Claire Danes is 43 years old. Actress Jennifer Morrison is 43 years old. Actor Matt McGorry is 36 years old. Actor Brooklyn Decker is 35 years old. Contemporary Christian musician Joe Rickard (Red) is 35 years old. Singer-rock musician Brendon Urie (Panic! at the Disco) is 35. Actor Saoirse (ON’-shuh) Ronan is 28 years old.

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