UPSC CSE Key – February 22, 2022: What you need to read today


cover page

Pegasus: the group responsible for investigating the accusations of espionage submits its report to the SC

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance

Sector Review:

• General Studies II: Parliament and State Legislatures

• General Studies III: Fundamentals of Cybersecurity

Key points to ponder:

• What is the Pegasus software? How it works?

• How is Pegasus different from other spyware?

• What types of devices are vulnerable and what information may be compromised?

• Types of cyberattacks

• Pegasus in India – What is the controversy?

• Surveillance Laws in India – Section 5(2) Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, Section 69 Information Act
Technology Act, 2000, and Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Interception, Monitoring and
Information Decryption Rules), 2009.

• Cyber ​​Security India – Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-IN), Cyber ​​Surakshit Bharat Initiative, National Cyber ​​Security Coordination Center (NCCC), Cyber ​​Swachhta Kendra, India Cyber ​​Security Coordination Center cybercrime (I4C), Cyberdome (Kerala)

• Espionage and Surveillance in the Name of National Security – Where to Draw the Line?

Supreme Court of India on Espionage and Surveillance – People’s Civil Liberties Union (PUCL) v Indian Union
case in 1996, Rule 419A of the Indian Telegraph Rules, 1951

• Report of Judge Raveendran’s committee

• Highlights of the Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

• Know parliamentary privileges and the motion of privilege

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Evidence of Pegasus being used on phones, cybersecurity experts tell SC panel

📍 Explanation: how Pegasus spyware infects a device; what data can be compromised

📍 ONS calls critics hypocritical and denies breach charges

THE CITY

New school prepares students for NDA under Delhi’s deshbhakti push

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance.

Key points to ponder:

• Delhi Government ‘Deshbhakti’ Project – learn about ‘Deshbhakti Initiative’

• Sainik Schools and the Society of Sainik Schools under the Ministry of Defense (MoD) – Learn more about them

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Tepid Response from 13 States, UT on Sainik School Affiliation: Department of Defense

DECISION 2022

The bicycle tale: how Mulayam, Akhilesh identified with it

Program:

Preliminary examination: Indian politics and governance

Sector review: General studies II: Salient characteristics of the law on the representation of the people.

Key points to ponder:

• Electoral or electoral symbol – why is it important?

• Electoral Symbols (Reservation and Allocation) Ordinance, 1968-Salient Points

• How does the electoral commission decide on party symbols?

• How many types of symbols are there?

• Powers of the electoral commission to decide on the electoral symbol

• What are the powers of the electoral commission in the event of a dispute over the electoral symbol when a party splits?

• Election Commission of India – Powers, Functions, Vision and Mission

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Explanation: When the parties split up, how does EC decide who gets the symbol?

GOVERNMENT & POLITICS

Lalu receives 5 years in prison and a fine of Rs 60L in a fodder scam case

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance.

Sector Review: General studies II: Salient characteristics of the law on the representation of the people.

Key points to ponder:

• What is Fodder Scam or chara ghotala?

• Fodder scam: how it started

• What is the special judge’s order?

• What are the other four cases?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Explained: Conviction of Lalu Prasad Yadav in the 5th fodder scam case

📍 What is the fodder scam: an overview of everything that has happened since 1996

EXPRESS NETWORK

HC denies Center’s time request and reserves verdict

Program:

Sector Review: General Studies General Studies I: Salient Features of Indian Society, Social Empowerment, Role of Women and Women’s Organization

Key points to ponder:

• The institution of marriage – What is the rationale behind using the word “institution” with marriage?

• Delhi High Court and Constitutional Validity of “Immunity from Marital Rape” – Background to the Case

• What is immunity from marital rape?

• Criminalization and non-criminalization of marital rape – Pros and cons

• IPC Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code and Exception 2 to Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code

• Status of Marital Rape in India – Latest Data from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)

• “Cover Doctrine”, Section 14 and Section 21 of the Indian Constitution and Exception 2 to Section 375 of
Indian Penal Code

• Report of the Justice Verma Committee and Report of the Pam Rajput Committee “Status of Women in India” on marital rape

• United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on Violence Against Women in India

• The position of the Indian government on marital rape?

• Criminalization of marital rape – Does the law exist in other countries?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 A history of the movement to criminalize marital rape around the world

📍 Explained: The marital rape debate

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

The Ukrainian dilemma

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance.

Sector Review: General Studies II: Effect of Policies and Policies of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s Interests

Key points to ponder:

• Crisis in India, Central Europe and Ukraine

• Map Central European countries

• Russia’s recognition of two Russian-backed separatist regions in eastern Ukraine – Why is this a matter of deep concern?

• Six key takeaways from India’s statement on the ongoing Ukraine crisis

• Russia and Ukraine-Historical Relations

• Learn about the Crimean sovereignty referendum of 1991

• 2014 protest in Ukraine and removal of Viktor Yanukovych – why?

• Minsk agreements in the highlights of 2015

• What is Russia’s demand? Why is Putin threatening war on Ukraine?

• Strategic position of Ukraine – Locate on the map

• Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) – About, Member Countries, Mandate and Headquarters

• Crimea’s strategic location – why is it important for Russia?

• Ukraine, NATO, USA and Russia – where are we?

• Article 5 of the founding treaty of NATO (Collective security)

• India’s position in the current crisis in Ukraine

• India, Ukraine and Russia

• How can India help the United States and Russia keep the “peace” in this conflict?

• Understand the quote: “War (or the threat of war) is a continuation of politics (by other means)”.

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Kremlin: Russia will recognize 2 separatist regions in Ukraine

📍 Reading India on the Ukraine crisis: 6 takeaways from New Delhi’s statement to the UN

EXPLAIN

Pandemic and endemic

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance.

Sector Review: General Studies II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sectors/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key points to ponder:

• Understand the words-Pandemic and Endemic

• What are the differences between pandemics and epidemics?

• What does the endemic stage mean, and are we there already?

• Does this mean that India and the world are now safe?

• How will control measures change if the disease becomes endemic?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Epidemic, Endemic, Pandemic: what are the differences?

Apple and Google Privacy Moves: Strengthening User Agency, Data Concentration

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance.

Sector Review: General Studies III: Raising awareness in the fields of computing, space, computing, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Key points to ponder:

• What did Apple and Google do?

• What is the privacy sandbox?

• How do cookies work, in clear terms?

• How was Meta hurt?

• How could these developments lead to a greater concentration of data?

• What is the metaverse and where does the concept come from?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Explainer: Why is Texas suing Meta, Facebook’s parent company?

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